Plaza Mayor from Cáceres, Spain

This is one of the largest squares in Spain and lies right at the entrance of the medieval town. Its origins are found in the 11thcentury, when the space was used for the great traditional holidays. The buildings are from different eras, with all of them having a 16th century ground floor colonnade. On the northwestern side, the Bujaco Tower is an eye-catching building, now a symbol of the city. It was built during the Arab rule, on top of Roman foundations. The origins of its name may come from the local word for straw dolls, bujacos.

Plaza Mayor from Ciudad Rodrigo, Spain

This town took its name from Count Rodrigo González Girón. It was he who, in the mid-12th century, banished the Moors from this region once and for all, and built this town on top of a former Roman castrum, itself built atop a Celtic settlement. Its solid fortifications speak to its position on the border with Portugal. Paradoxically, although it is one of the most well-defended European borders on both sides, this frontier was the most stable in all of Europe’s history and has remained this way for 500 years. The only fighting to take place here was against Napoleon’s armies. Nowhere is the relationship between centre and periphery more marked than in such citadels.

Salamanca, İspaniya, Plaza Mayor

Meydan 1729-cu ildə V Filipin sifarişi ilə və əsas meyarı buğa döyüşləri üçün bir ərazinin olması məqsədilə inşa edilmişdir. Bu gün İspaniyanın, hətta Avropanın ən gözəl meydanlarından biri hesab olunur. Yerləşdiyi ərazi paradoksal bir illüziya təqdim edir. Yerdən baxıldıqda mükəmməl düzbucaqlıya bənzəsə də, havadan çəkilmiş fotoşəklində nizamsız olduğu görünür. Meydanın ərazisini əhatə edən və müəyyənləşdirən binaların barokko üslubundakı fasadları ilk baxışdan mükəmməl simmetrik görünür, amma əslində hər iki tərəf eyni hündürlüyə malik deyil. Salamanka meydanı bir neçə kitabın mövzusu olub və bugün İspan meydanlarının mütləq modelidir.